Constructive Total Loss



After loading bulk Iron Ore Fines and clearing port limits, Vessel listed heavily; correction attempts only led to list swings, followed by sinking; monitored wreck drift and possible oil pollution.

Action Taken

Despite total lack of information, arrived at ‘liquefaction of the cargo’ as the cause. Administration and various bodies took note of the findings and made recommendations for dealing with liquefaction problems. This case was widely discussed in various international conferences.